Today I'm starting a new benchmark series looking at gaming performance for something different more specifically there I will be looking at the balance between CPU and GPU performance and I'll be starting by focusing on AMD's Ryzen 9 5900X range using a range of different ti GPU, This is something I started doing in 2019 the first installment featured the GeForce RTX 2080ti and RTX 2070 super radeon rx 5700 and rx 580 and the CPU included the core i9 9900k Ryzen 3900x and the Ryzen 5 3600.
Since then, an entirely new generation of CPUs and GPUs has been released. This article won't quite be the same as what you saw previously as I'm starting with this Ryzen 9 5900X range, but in the next installment, I will be adding some Intel CPUs that perhaps we'll look at some older CPUs as well.
For this one, I want to see how the Ryzen 5 5600x Ryzen 7 5800x Ryzen 9 5900x and 5950x compare in half a dozen games using the GeForce RTX 3090 RTX 3070 Radeon RX 5700 XT and 5600 XT using both ultra and medium quality presets at 1080p 1440p and 4K.
So you might be wondering why do these testing what's the point of testing the CPU and GPU combinations? Well, this really is an extension of the testing shown in my day one CPU reviews in the CPU reviews. The intention is to compare CPU gaming performance, and therefore the focus is on CPU limited testing by using a flagship GPU such as the GeForce RTX 3090 at the lowest resolution such as 1080p; this really is ideal for showing which CPUs are truly faster for gaming at least in the current range of games we test with.
There it is also generally a good indicator of performance for the next few years as well that said, it can be a little bit misleading if you're using that data as a buying guide, especially when comparing CPUs in different price ranges as the gain shown in the review what necessarily translate your set up as you'll likely be using a much more affordable GPU a more sensible GPU if you like.
You also probably work just be playing CPU demanding games, so the idea of this follow up content is to provide you with a much more complete picture of CPU and GPU performance now all of the data we're about to look at is based on an average of 3 runs, and quite incredible that means each game, so at least 288 benchmark runs to record this data.
So in total, we're looking at around 1700 benchmark runs to make this content, and that explains why it has been my key focus for the past two weeks now I'm not expecting these results to be particularly exciting or unexpected, but I felt as though a starting within 3 made the most sense and this data will serve as an excellent foundation for adding 10th and 11gen generation core processes as well as older AMD and Intel CPU.
So they should develop into a very interesting benchmark series. As for the test system, each CPU has been tested using 32 gigabytes of DDR4 32 ordered 3200 CL 14 memory or dual-channel dual-rank configuration on the gigabyte X57 aorus Xtreme and cooling them is the corsair IQ h115i. Finally, apart from loading XMP, no other changes have been made to the bios. Okay, let's get into the results.
Starting with some cyberpunk 2077 requirements at 1080p using the ultra-quality preset, we find the game is entirely GPU Limited. With these new Ryzen 3 processor, even the six core 12 thread Ryzen 5 5600X is able to extract maximum performance from the RTX 3090 he reducing the quality preset to media pushes frame right above the 13 FPS same previously with the ultra-preset, and now we see some variations in the performance the 5900X, for example, is now up to 22 percent faster the Ryzen 5 5600X and we see fairly consistent scaling as the core count and frequency increases.
That said, this is only saying with the RTX 3090 dropping down to the RTX 3070 saves, the game becomes entirely GPU Limited. There is still some variation in the one percent low performance, but really talking about at most a 6 percent discrepancy here. Then once we drop down to the 5700x, all CPUs are seen to be delivering the exact same level of performance.
Naturally, moving to 1440 P with the ultra-quality preset sees the game still in the entirely GP limited even with the objects 3090, so let's move on to check out the medium-quality preset. Here we are saying up to a 10 percent improvement performance when going from the Ryzen 5 5600X up to the 5950x. I think the same way comparing the 1 percent low data using the RTX 3090, but again, once we drop down to the cyberpunk 2077 requirements RTX 3070, the game is 100 percent GPU limited with no chance for the CPU to make a couple that's a difference.
Basically, suppose you have an RTX 3070 or slower and play games like cyberpunk 2077 at 1440p using just the medium quality settings. In that case, it really doesn't matter which is Ryzen 3 CPU have performance is going to be identical. That being the case, well, obviously seeing another difference performance at 4K using the ultra-quality settings, and really it's only the RTX 3090 it is able to deliver a somewhat playable experience under these conditions.
Dropping down to the medium quality preset certainly improves GPU performance, but for the most part, it was still GPU limited. That said, we are seeing up to 5 percent variation in website live performance with the RTX 3090, so the high core count CPUs are helping to deliver a slightly smoother experience here though it's difficult to say if you ever be on a notice the difference.
Rainbow Six Siege
So what about esports titles that run out hundreds of frames per second? How much difference is there between the various is Ryzen 3 processes? Well, here we have the rainbow six siege result 1080p, the ultra-quality preset, and there's not really that much to talk about. Of course, this isn't a heavy call game, so providing the cores themselves are very fast, having 6 of them is more than enough, and we're certainly saying that he with the Ryzen 5 5600x.
In fact, even with the medium quality preset, which siege the GeForce RTX 3090 pushing almost 600 FPS on average, we see little to no difference in performance between the CPUs tested. The Ryzen 5 5600X is up to 5 percent slower than the RTX 3090. However, we're still talking about 460 FPS for the one percent low and 580 FPS on average. So for virtually all esports titles using competitive quality settings, something like a 5600x is going to be more than sufficient.
Jumping up to 1440p with the ultra-quality preset siege, the game becomes CPU entirely limited, so it really doesn't matter which is M3 processor you use. All are able to get the most out of even the RTX 3090. The same is true with even the medium quality preset all four CPUs push the RTX 3090 into just over 440 fps average.
So again, it really doesn't matter which of the CPU use for gaming with a title like Rainbow 6 siege framerate performance is going to be basically the same if not the same. As expected, there's no real difference in performance between these various Ryzen 3 CPUs at 4k. We're talking about a 3 percent variation in performance at most, and the same is true even when using the meeting quality preset 4K. In fact, he was saying at most just a 2 percent variation in performance.
Horizon Zero Dawn
Horizon 0 dawn is a very CPU-demanding game, and I found in the past you be GPU limited even at 1080p with an RTX 3090 using any modern Intel or AMD CPU. That being the case, you might think it's not a suitable game for this kind of test, and while the case can be certainly made for that, I feel it is important to include in your triple AAA titles that, like most games, aren't limited by CPU performance at least within reason.
We're looking at no more than a 5 percent difference in performance between the slowest and fastest Ryzen 3 processor someone looking at the 1 percent low performance with RTX 3090 using lower quality settings in this case, the original preset which is medium we find there is some variation the results with the higher in Geforce GPU that said it was still only talking about a 4 to 5 percent difference between the fastest and slowest Ryzen 3 CPU. Then once we drop down to the 5700 XT, the margins evaporate entirely.
Jumping up to 1440p using the ultra or ultimate preset as it's called in the game, we see virtually no difference between the CPUs even with the RTX 3090. There is some difference of 1440p with a medium quality preset, but even with the RTX 3090, nobody really talking about up to a 6 percent margin between the Ryzen 5 5600X and 5950x naturally at 4K. There's really nothing to speak of in the way of performance margins. All four CPUs delivered way virtually the same performance as all 4 GPUs.
The same is also true using the medium quality preset there is some small variation with the RTX 3090. Really nothing worth talking about, so here we have a game that is very CPU demanding, much more so then most games. This title heavily utilizes the CPU and not just 1 or 2 cores but can spread the load quite evenly across many cores.
The game plays just fine with the Ryzen 5 5600X, but in some more extreme instances, it does lay performance on the table what we're seeing here at 1080p with the RTX 3090. The 5950x was up to 11 percent fast in the Ryzen 5 5600X when compared 1 percent live performance with the RTX 3090 and 7 percent with the RTX 3070. In fact, we're even seeing a 5 percent increase in 1 percent performance with the 5700x.
The margins to grow quite considerably when lowering the visual quality settings to medium as here the 5950x is up to 18 percent fast in the 5600x, and quite interestingly that was even seen with the RTX 3070 there were only talking about a 7 percent difference when comparing the average frame rate.
it's well worth noting that once we drop down to the 5700 XT, all fours and three processes deliver the exact same level of performance now increasing the resolution of 1440p virtually eliminates the performance differences same previously he will looking at no more than a 4 percent margin between the fastest and slowest CPUs tested that was, of course, saying with the RTX 3090 and once we drop down to the RTX 3730 that margin is reduced even further to just 2 percent.
Now using the meeting quality preset at 1440p, we see a small up to an 1 percent lower performance with RTX 3090 as we increase the CPU core count but even here, we're only talking about an 8 percent improvement when going from the 5600x to the 59560x then with the RTX 3070 no real performance differences is seeing as we found the 4K resolution previously is just too extreme even for the RTX 3090 and as a result we heavily GPU bounty at leaving no room for the CPU to influence performance by even a few frames.
The same is also true at 4K using the medium quality preset despite pushing I have a 100 FPS on average performance is virtually identical across the board moving on to watch dogs legion, and this is another new triple AAA title that's a lot like horizon 0 dawn in the sense that it's not very CPU demanding again assuming you have a reasonably modern CPU.
Testing at 1080p with the ultra-quality settings shows very little difference in performance between the various Ryzen 3 processes. In fact, even with the RTX 3090 really looking at a 9 percent performance, uplift one performance when going from the 5600x to the 5950x given the 5950x clocks around 7 percent high impacts more than twice as many cores.
I did say that's a very mild performance gain; indeed, the 1080p medium results are quite interesting as he they appear to be running into a single thread type limitation with these Ryzen 7 5800X architecture, and this is evident by the fact that the performance from the 5700x right up to the mighty RTX 3090 is very similar suggesting a strong CPU bottleneck here and it's certainly not correlated as you might have expected jumping up to 1440P with the ultra-quality preset we see no difference performance with the various Ryzen 3 CPU even with the RTX 3090.
Even with the medium quality settings, we're still looking at a strong CPU bottleneck with RTX 3090, and of course, anything slower, as you could have no doubt guessed to the 4k ultra-data, is again heavily limited by the GPU. In fact, we're seeing identical performance across the board, and the same is also true of the 4K medium results doesn't really matter which of these Ryzen 7 5800X CPU performance will be identical.
Typically speaking, assassin's creed titles have been quite CPU demanding, and I'd say assassin's creed fell Valhalla is as well there. If you have a CPU as capable as the 5600x, then that's really all you got. It needs past assassin's creed titles were known to break quad-core CPUs and the CPUs with four cores and four threads, but they've always played well on 12 thread processes. Using the medium quality settings, we still find that the game is largely GPU bound. We'll say find an interesting scenario with the 5700 XT performs better than the RTX 3070 and know much slower the RTX 3090.
This would typically suggest a CPU limitation, and while that is possible at the high end, it's not due to a lack of CPU cores, so interesting result here. Scaling is more what you'd expect to see at 1440p with ultra-quality settings, and clearly, we are looking at a strong GPU limitation for all tested hardware configurations. And the same is assassin's creed true with the medium quality preset 1440p here doesn't really matter which of these Ryzen 7 5800X CPUs you use. Then, of course, we find the same GPU limited performance at 4K using both the ultra and medium-quality presets.
So nothing terribly shocking there. For the most part, there is very little difference in terms of gaming performance between these Ryzen 7 5800X three-based processes, just as we found in the dye one content. In fact, the average of 5950x was just 4 percent faster than the 5600x, and it was again with an RTX 3090 at 1080p using ultra quality settings and of course, we have found a similar thing here even when using medium quality settings actually just quickly summarize the day before we move any further.
So 1090p using the ultra-quality preset we found on average there is no performance difference to be seen in modern games when using the RTX 3070 5700 XT and 5600x again as seen in the day 1 review the 5950X only offers around a 4 percent performance boost over the 5600x and with both delivering smooth performance in all games there's really little reason to go beyond a 6 core 12 thread processor at least from the Ryzen series even if you are gaming with lower quality settings perhaps your playing competitive titles it's still really doesn't matter which CPU choose at most we're looking at a 4 percent variation the results with the RTX 3090 I did nothing with the RTX 3070 or slower moving up to 1440p using ultra quality settings you'll typically see no difference in performance between the 5600x 5800x 5900x and 5950x certainly nothing worth worrying about it's also the same situation when using the low quality medium settings for the most part even with the RTX 3090 you'll see no performance difference in the latest and greatest titles.
So here's a quick look at the ultra-settings and then an even quicker look at the medium quality settings pause here if you want to take a look, but I think you'll need to. So again, nothing earth-shattering that data set, but it does help put to rest a few questions of the same from viewers regarding stuff like testing with low-quality settings a competitive titles core counts.
So on basically, it doesn't matter how faster your graphics card is. You can go right up to a GeForce RTX 3090, and you'll sacrifice nothing by using the Ryzen 5 5600x. This applies whether you're playing competitive titles using competitive quality settings like what we saw in Rainbow 6 siege or the latest and greatest triple-a titles like cyberpunk 2077.
This testing wall quite boring, will pave the way for some really interesting comparisons with older Ryzen 7 5800X CPUs and, of course, Intel CPUs as well, about something I plan to invest a lot of time in over the coming months. For example, it would be really interesting to see how these Ryzen 7 5800X plus range scales as I expect a core count will play a more substantial role there given the individual cores themselves are slower. Something I did find interesting about this testing when looking at the competitive gaming angle is the GPU comparison in rainbow six sieges.We were looking at well over 200 FPS at all times of the Radeon RX 5600 XT 216 FPS one percent lower and 279 FPS for the average frame rate basically, this once again proves that for competitive gaming, you often are we need a very basic graphics card and not RTX 3060 ti better for example. For many of you, I won't be news to hear that competitive gaming is often more about the CPU than it is the GPU, even for games like call of duty battlefield five and pubg, for example.